Surfers will bear me witness that surfing is of course a great sport and exercise to workout. Despite of all that joyful moment you enjoy surfing, you might have been hit with news that surfing has some lead people to loss an eye in the sport. Though not all the surfers are injured, especially the practiced surfers.
The cumulative and long time exposure to spray, wind and ultra-violet radiation causes two eye complications to surfers that are Pterygium and cataracts. This really threatens surfers yet they are avoidable.
Pterygium is very common to most older are affected, it will manifest as clear, white membrane that will grow over inside cornea of either one or both eyes.
At the start of the stage the irritating effect is very small. It feels dry and itching. Though pterygium will not cause immediate blindness to the surfer, the pterygium grows and might end up covering the entire pupil hence disturbing the vision.
The best and most advisable method to use and avoid pterygium is by making sure you make your eyes comfortable, protect them from sun, wind and spray and if they are dry use a lubricating eye drop for ease. While surfing you are recommended to cover the eyes with surfing glasses.
Cataracts are also very common, they occurs when the lens that focuses the light on the retina becomes permanently clouded. If left un-attended to lead to total blindness. This surfer problem is caused by exposure to UV-radiation.
In cataracts surgery the doctor cuts the eyeball and remove the clouded natural lens and only replace with a synthetic lens.